What are the rules of polocrosse?

Polocrosse is a thrilling and dynamic team sport that combines elements of polo and lacrosse. It’s played on horseback, and each player uses a cane or fiberglass stick, with a net at one end, to carry, catch, and throw a sponge rubber ball. Here’s an overview of the key rules of polocrosse that make it such an exciting game:

Understanding Polocrosse: The Basics and Rules

1. Team Composition

Each team consists of six players, divided into two sections of three.

Players are categorized as ‘attack,’ ‘center,’ or ‘defense,’ based on their roles.

Sections alternate between playing chukkas (periods) allowing players and horses to rest.

2. Field of Play

The polocrosse field is 146.5 meters long and 55 meters wide.

Goals are scored by throwing the ball between two upright posts.

3. The Game Format

A match consists of four, six, or eight chukkas, each lasting six to eight minutes.

The game begins with a throw-in from the umpire at center field.

4. Carrying the Ball

Players use the netted stick to pick up, carry, and pass the ball.

Only two players are allowed in the goal scoring area at one time – one attacker and one defender.

5. Scoring

Points are scored by throwing the ball through the opponent’s goalposts.

After a goal, play restarts with a throw-in at center field.

6. Player Interactions

Physical contact is limited. Players may ride off an opponent to push them off the line of the ball but must do so safely and fairly.

Stick-to-stick contact is permitted when vying for the ball.

7. Fouls and Penalties

Dangerous riding, throwing the stick, and unsportsmanlike behavior are penalized.

Penalties range from free throws to temporary or permanent ejection from the game.

8. Horse Welfare

Horse welfare is paramount. Excessive use of the whip, spurs, or any form of rough handling is strictly prohibited.

Horses must be fit, well-groomed, and appropriately trained for the game.

9. Equipment

Players must wear a helmet, riding boots, and suitable attire.

Horses are equipped with a polocrosse saddle, bridle, and bandages or boots for leg protection.

10. Game Spirit

Polocrosse is not just about competition; it’s about camaraderie, team spirit, and fair play.

The game is overseen by an umpire who ensures the rules are followed for the safety of both players and horses.


Polocrosse is a fascinating sport that requires skill, teamwork, and strategy. It’s exciting for both players and spectators, offering a unique blend of speed, agility, and precision. Understanding its rules helps in appreciating the complexity and skill involved in this captivating equestrian sport. Whether you’re a player, enthusiast, or a first-time spectator, polocrosse promises an exhilarating experience.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button